万维百科日语版

民営化の一覧

民営化の一覧(みんえいかのいちらん)では、民営化が実施された組織の一覧を示す。

国別の民営化

アルゼンチン

  • アルゼンチン航空, the former national carrier. However, in 2009, it was renationalized.
  • ENTel (national telecommunications company) - partitioned and sold to France Telecom and to Spanish Telefonica
  • ブエノスアイレス地下鉄, given under concession but still owned by the State
  • Empresa Nacional de Correos y Telegrafos (ENCoTel), given under concession as Correo Argentino. Re-nationalized in 2003
  • Obras Sanitarias (water-company), given as a concession to the French conglomerate Suez, which operates it under the name Aguas Argentinas. Re-nationalized in 2006 as Aguas y Saneamientos Argentinos (AySA).
  • Fabrica Militar de Aviones (FMA), sold to ロッキード・マーティン
  • Ferrocarriles Argentinos, railway-lines all over the country (some in the process of re-nationalization under the Kirchner administration)
  • Yacimientos Petroliferos Fiscales (YPF), national oil-company sold to the Spanish Repsol. The Argentinian government in 2004 set up a new state oil company (Enarsa) from scratch, which proved of no use. In 2012, the Argentine Government expropriated 51% of the shares of ヤシミエントス・ペトロリフェロス・フィスカレス owned by Repsol.
  • Gas del Estado, national gas company partitioned and sold, among others, to the Spanish Gas Natural.
  • Agua y Energia Electrica, national electricity-production company. Partitioned and sold.

オーストラリア

バーレーン

  • Bahrain Telecommunications Co. (Q1 2005, $800 million)

ブラジル

カナダ

  • Highway 407 (1999) - leased to private operators
  • エア・カナダ (1988)
  • カナディアン・ナショナル鉄道 (1995)
  • Manitoba Telecom Services or MTS (1996)
  • Nova Scotia Power (1992)
  • Ontario Hydro (1999 - only partially privatized with Hydro One and Ontario Power Generation are a publicly owned company and crown corporation respectively)
  • ペトロ・カナダ (1991)
  • Potash Corporation of Saskatchewan (1989)
  • Saskatchewan Wheat Pool (1996)
  • Teleglobe (1987) - an international telco carrier
  • テラス (1991), formerly Alberta Government Telephones
  • ウラン industry in Saskatchewan

チリ

CAP Lan Airlines Chilectra Endesa Iansa CTC Entel Enaex Soquimich Pension Funds (AFP) Colbun Esval Empremar

チェコスロバキア

  • Virtually everything after the ビロード革命 in 1989. See voucher privatization for details.

エジプト

  • The Shebin spinning and weaving factory in Menoufia in the ナイル川デルタ was on strike against/locked out by its new non-Egyptian owners in the wake of the 2011 revolution. Workers and maybe the military now in control of the state were favoring re-nationalization, according to one report. "[L]iberal economic policy is tarred with [the old regime's] corruption," said Michael Wahid Hanna, in Cairo for the U.S.-based Century Foundation.[1] Indorama, the new インドネシアn/Thai[2] owner of Shebin,[3] was not quoted in the report. Looking further back to 2000, "well considered public spinners" Shebin El Kom and STIA, were then considered to have a "redundant labor problem ... [but] would otherwise be attractive privatization buying or leasing opportunities for private investors."[4] In 2011, STIA, also known as El Nasr Wool & Selected Textiles, of アレクサンドリア, remained "one of the largest public sector textiles companies."[5] See also 民営化.

フィンランド

フランス

1980年代

  • サンゴバン created in 1665 by the minister of Finance Jean-Baptiste Colbert and privatized in 1986.
  • TF1 テレビ放送の第1チャンネル (1987年)
  • パリバ privatized in 1987 and merged with BNP to formed BNP Paribas.
  • ソシエテ・ジェネラル privatized in 1987
  • スエズ privatized and merged with the stated-owned Gaz de France (GDF) in 2008 to form GDF Suez.
  • Compagnie Generale d'Electricite became Alcatel (1987)
  • Havas (1987)
  • マトラ (1988)

1990年代

2000年代

  • Societe nationale industrielle aerospatiale(2000) Merged with DASA and CASA to form European Aeronautic Defence and Space Company
  • Thomson Multimedia
  • Credit Lyonnais (2001)
  • フランステレコム (政府保有株は26,94%)
  • スネクマ
  • Pages Jaunes (Yellow Pages) (in 2004 France sold 32% of Pages Jaunes for -1.25 billion)
  • SNCM (Societe Nationale Maritime Corse Mediterranee) ferry-company. Privatized at the end of 2005. French State remains 25% in SNCM.
  • Electricite de France (EDF) (in December 2005 France sold 30% of EDF)
  • フランスガス公社 (GDF) Prime minister ドミニク・ド・ビルパン announced a merger between GDF and Suez; since the state owns 80% of GDF, a privatization of GDF would require the passing of a new law; the state would control only 34% of the capital of the new group[6].
  • エールフランス 1999に株式公開。KLMと合併しAir France-KLMに。2012年の政府保有株は15.8%[7]
  • Aeroports de Paris 政府保有株は52%
  • French Highway Concession
    • A'lienor Sold to Eiffage (65%) and Societe des Autoroutes du Nord et de l'Est de la France (35%)
    • Alis (entreprise) Sold to Societe des Autoroutes du Nord et de l'Est de la France
    • Societe des Autoroutes de Paris Normandie sold to Vinci (construction)
    • Societe des Autoroutes du Nord et de l'Est de la France sold to : Abertis (52,5 %),the rest own by other investor.
    • Autoroutes Paris-Rhin-Rhone sold to Eiffage
    • Autoroutes du Sud de la France sold to Vinci (construction)
    • Arcour sold to Vinci (construction)
    • Atlandes sold to Colas Group (subsidiaries of ブイグ )and other investor.
    • Cofiroute sold to Vinci (construction)

ドイツ

ギリシャ

  • OTE (σC˃ǃЃȿ- ŃɃÃ΃ǃȃ̓ǃ˃փ˃ſɠɃǿƒ˿/Hellenic Telecommunications Company) became partly privatised in the 1990s, when its only shareholder at the time, the Hellenic State, reduced its share of the company to 36%
  • Olympic Airways at first, then Olympic Airlines. The Hellenic State attempted to privatise the ailing airlines five times, more or less, from 2004 onwards.

香港

アイスランド

  • Landsbanki Islands hf - sold in 2003 (became NBI hf in 2008)
  • Landssimi Islands hf - sold 98.8% to Skipti ehf in 2005 (renamed Siminn hf)

インド

  • Bharat Aluminium Company - in 2001 by the BJP Government
  • Maruti Udyog
  • BSNL
  • Hindustan Zinc Limited - in 2001 by the BJP [8]
  • VSNL - by the BJP
  • Delhi Airport
  • Mumbai Airport
  • Hyderabad International Airport
  • Bangalore International Airport
  • Cochin International Airport

イラン

See: en:Privatization in Iran

イラク

アイルランド

  • Irish Steel - transferred ownership to Ispat, firm bankrupt, no longer exists.
  • Irish Sugar - floated on stock market as Greencore. State retains one share for veto purposes.
  • British and Irish Steampacket Company Limited - sold to Irish Continental Group
  • Telecom Eireann - floated on the stock market
  • Cablelink - sold to NTL Ireland. Formerly held 50/50 by Telecom Eireann and Raidio Teilifis Eireann, both state-owned at the time.
  • エアリンガス - floated on the stock market. State retains 25%
  • Irish Life - sold to Irish Permanent
  • TSB Bank - sold to Irish Life and Permanent
  • ACCBank - sold to ラボバンク
  • ICC Bank - sold to スコットランド銀行
  • Irish National Petroleum Corporation - all assets sold to コノコフィリップス, still exists in law
  • Nitrigin Eireann - sold to its other shareholder in Irish Fertiliser Industries, Richardsons, final firm called IFI, no longer exists.

イスラエル

  • エル・アル航空
  • ZIM
  • Israel Discount Bank (partial)
  • Bank Hapoalim
  • Bank Leumi (partial)
  • Israel Chemicals
  • Bezeq
  • RAFAEL Armament Development Authority (partial)

イタリア

ヨルダン

  • Aramex International (Q1 2005, 75% for $150-200 million)
  • Jordan Telecom
  • Queen Alia's Airport

日本

韓国

クウェート

  • Kuwait Finance House (November 2004, 25% of the company for $1 billion)

マレーシア

  • Pos Malaysia - national postal services
  • Telekom Malaysia
  • Tenaga National Berhad - national electricity-generation and distribution
  • Johor Water Corporation
  • Pasir Gudang Local Authority
  • マレーシア航空
  • Keretapi Tanah Melayu Berhad - national railway company
  • スナイ国際空港
  • Malaysia Airports Holdings

オランダ

ニュージーランド

  • ニュージーランド航空 (1989年), subsequently rescued by the Crown in 2001
  • オークランド国際空港
  • ニュージーランド銀行 - 1987年から半民営化、1992に売却
  • Electricity Corporation of New Zealand (ECNZ) - part of which became privatized as Contact Energy in the period 1995 - 1998
  • Government Print
  • Ministry of Works and Development
  • Natural Gas Corporation (NGC), ultimately absorbed into Vector Limited
  • New Zealand Steel, privatized from 1987, now part of BlueScope Steel
  • The Post Office Savings Bank (POSB), bought by the ANZ bank in 1989
  • テレコム・ニュージーランド (1990年)
  • New Zealand Rail Limited, privatized in 1993, became Tranz Rail Limited in 1995 - Government subsequently repurchased the track lease
  • テルストラ (2005年)
  • various council-controlled organisations formerly owned by territorial authorities: see also Local Authority Trading Enterprises (LATEs)

ノルウェー

  • Arcus (sold to Sucra in 2001)
  • Statkorn (floated on the stock market as Cermaq in 2000, Government retains 44%)
  • Christiania Bank og Kreditkasse (sold to ノルデア銀行 in 2000)
  • DnB NOR (floated on the stock market in 1995, Government retains 34%)
  • Finnmark Fylkesrederi (sold to Veolia Transport Norway in 2003)
  • Fredrikstad Energi (49% sold to フォータム)
  • Kongsberg Gruppen (floated on the stock market in 1993, Government retains 50%)
  • Norsk Medisinaldepot (sold to Celesio in 2001)
  • NSB Gods (now CargoNet, partially sold to Green Cargo in 2002, NSB retains 55%)
  • Oslo Energi (parts merged with Hafslund)
  • Postbanken (merged with DnB NOR in 1999)
  • スタトイルハイドロ (floated on the stock market in 2001, Government retains 71%)
  • Telenor (floated on the stock market in 2000, Government retains 54%)
  • TronderBilene (66% sold to Fosen Trafikklag in 1999)
  • Ostfold Energi (parts sold to フォータム in 2001)
  • Ardal og Sunndal Verk (merged with Norsk Hydro in 1986)

パキスタン

  • National Refinery Limited (acquired by Attock Group of Companies in July 2005)

ポーランド

  • Telekomunikacja Polska S.A.

カタール

  • Q-Gas (Q1 2005, 50% for $600 million)

ルーマニア

  • Electrica - electricity distributor
  • Petrom - national petroleum company
  • Romtelecom - national telecommunications company
  • Sidex - steelworks

ロシア

サウジアラビア

  • Al-Bilad Bank (November 2004, 50% valued at $400 million)

シンガポール

スペイン

スウェーデン

[9]

1980s

1990s

  • SAKAB
  • SSAB (wholly privatised in 1994)
  • Svalof
  • Swedish Real Estate Valuation Corp
  • Celsius
  • Cementa
  • AssiDoman
  • OKPetroleum
  • Pharmacia
  • SEMKO
  • Nordbanken (partial)
  • Industrikredit AB
  • SBL Vaccin
  • Stadshypotek AB
  • Enator
  • PharmaciaUpjohn
  • SAQ Kontrol
  • VPC AB
  • Foretagskapital
  • Svenska Statens Sprakresor AB
  • Lantbrukskredit AB
  • Svensk Fastighetsvardering

2000s

Planned privatisations

トルコ

[16] (Listing Scope >US $ 10 M.)

ウクライナ

  • Kryvorizhstal

アラブ首長国連邦

  • Damas Jewelry (November 2004, 55% of the company for $224 million)

イギリス

1970s

1980s

1990s

  • AEA Technology (1996)
  • ベルファスト国際空港 (1994)
  • British Coal (1994)
  • British Energy (1996)
  • イギリス国鉄上下分離方式
    • 3つの車両資産保有会社
      • Angel Trains (1996)
      • Eversholt Leasing (1996)
      • Porterbrook (1996)
    • 6つの設計部門(1995 - 1997, 個別に売却)
    • 6つの貨物運行会社
      • Freightliner (1995)
      • Loadhaul (1996)
      • Mainline Freight (1996)
      • Rail Express Systems (1996)
      • Railfreight Distribution (1997)
      • Transrail Freight (1996)
    • 6 Track Renewal Units (1995 - 1997, sold individually)
    • 7のインフラ整備部門 (1995 - 1997, sold individually)
    • 25の旅客運行会社(Train Operating Companies、1996、フランチャイズ契約制)
    • British Rail Research (1996)
    • British Rail Telecommunications (1995)
    • European Passenger Services (1996)
    • レールトラック (1996、インフラ会社)
    • Red Star Parcels (1995)
    • Union Railways (1996)
  • British Technology Group (1992)
  • Building Research Establishment (1997)
  • Central Electricity Generating Board
    • National Grid (1990)
    • National Power (1991, 1995)
    • PowerGen (1991, 1995)
  • Girobank (1990)
  • Laboratory of the Government Chemist (1996)
  • ロンドンバス (1994, bus companies sold individually)
  • National Engineering Laboratory (1995)
  • National Transcommunications Limited (1990)
  • Northern Ireland Electricity (1993)
  • Property Services Agency (1994)
  • Regional Electricity Companies
    • Eastern Electricity (1990)
    • East Midlands Electricity (1990)
    • London Electricity (1990)
    • MANWEB (1990)
    • Midlands Electricity (1990)
    • Northern Electric (1990)
    • NORWEB (1990)
    • SEEBOARD (1990)
    • Southern Electric (1990)
    • SWALEC (1990)
    • SWEB Energy (1990)
    • Yorkshire Electricity (1990)
  • Scottish Bus Group (1991, bus companies sold individually)
  • Scottish Hydro-Electric (1991)
  • Scottish Power (1991)
  • The Stationery Office (1996)
  • Transport Research Laboratory (1996)
  • Trust Ports (1992-present, ports sold individually)

2000s

  • Actis (2004, 2012)
  • 英国放送協会 Technology (2004)
  • 英国核燃料公社
    • AWE Management Limited (2008)
    • BNG America (2007)
    • BNG Project Services (2008)
    • Reactor Sites Management Company (2007)
    • Westinghouse Electric Company (2006)
  • National Air Traffic Services (2001 - 51%)
  • Partnerships UK (2000 - 51%)
  • Qinetiq (2002, 2006, 2008)
  • UKAEA Limited (2009)

2010s

アメリカ合衆国

参考文献

脚注

  1. ^ Amos, Deborah, "In Egypt, Revolution Moves Into The Factories", ナショナル・パブリック・ラジオ, April 20, 2011. Retrieved 2011-04-20.
  2. ^ "The Indorama Group", company website. Retrieved 2011-04-20.
  3. ^ "Indorama Shebin Textiles Co. S.A.E", company website. Retrieved 2011-04-20.
  4. ^ The impact of privatization and policy reforem on the cotton spinning industry in Egypt", Prime Contractor: Abt Associates Inc.; sponsored by Government of Egypt, Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation and アメリカ合衆国国際開発庁; November, 2000. Retrieved 2011-04-20.
  5. ^ STIA Home, company website. Retrieved 2011-04-20.
  6. ^ commentary
  7. ^ [1]
  8. ^ [2]
  9. ^ Munkhammar, J. "Forsaljning av statliga bolag under tre decennier", Timbro, 2007, http://www.timbro.se/bokhandel/pdf/000022.pdf
  10. ^ “Pernod wins auction for Vin & Sprit”. The Local. (2008年3月31日). http://www.thelocal.se/10800/20080331/ 2008年3月31日閲覧。
  11. ^ “Regeringen har salt hela OMX-innehavet”. Dagens Industri. (2008年2月15日). http://di.se/Nyheter/-page=/Avdelningar/Artikel.aspx%3FO%3DRSS%26ArticleId%3D2008%255c02%255c15%255c270677 2008年5月2日閲覧。
  12. ^ Shareholders | Nordea.com
  13. ^ Scandinavian Airlines
  14. ^ Privata Affarer - Staten fick 18 miljarder for aktierna i Teliasonera
  15. ^ Regeringen overens om att salja apotek
  16. ^ Privatization in Turkey,Republic Of Turkey Prime Ministry Privatization Administration, 2010, http://www.oib.gov.tr/program/uygulamalar/privatization_in_turkey.htm

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